Bosnian Cuisine Journey Bosnian Cuisine Journey

Culinary Journeys Around the World: The Diverse Dishes and Rich Cuisine of Bosnia Herzegovina

Embark on a Bosnian Cuisine Journey to explore the hearty flavors and traditional dishes of Bosnia’s rich culinary heritage. Join the adventure!

Did you know that Bosnia and Herzegovina is home to an ancient pyramidal structure that predates Egypt’s by over 7,000 years? Just as this little-known fact takes many by surprise, so too does the country’s culinary landscape. Often overshadowed by its European neighbors, Bosnia Herzegovina offers a rich tapestry of flavors and dishes that are ripe for exploration. From robustly seasoned meats to heartwarming soups and vibrant pastries, the cuisine reflects a history where Eastern and Western food traditions harmoniously blend. Embarking on Culinary Journeys Around the World often leads to famous gastronomic capitals, but it’s time to explore Bosnian gastronomy — a world where traditional Bosnian dishes subtly whisper tales of medieval and Ottoman legacies through each tasting. With a spoonful of authentic Bosnian recipes and a pinch of daring to try diverse dishes, your palate is bound to treasure the rich cuisine of this understated Balkan gem.

Key Takeaways

  • Discover the culinary treasures of Bosnia Herzegovina, a country steeped in history and flavor.
  • Embark on a journey enveloped by the richness and diversity of Bosnian cuisine that’s yet to be globally recognized.
  • Delve into the crossroads of Western and Eastern culinary influences found within traditional Bosnian dishes.
  • Experience the deep connection between Bosnian gastronomy and the country’s unique cultural heritage.
  • Appreciate how authentic Bosnian recipes offer a blend of comfort and exoticness to the adventurous eater.
  • Understand why exploring Bosnian cuisine is akin to a delightful and unexpected chapter in Culinary Journeys Around the World.

An Introduction to Bosnian Food Culture

Embarking on a Balkan cuisine adventure leads to the crossroads of East and West—a place where Bosnian food culture thrives and offers an enticing array of Authentic Bosnian recipes. This cuisine is rich with historical resonance, having been shaped by myriad influences over the centuries. A reflection of Bosnia and Herzegovina’s multifaceted past, the food is a testament to its medieval roots and the intricate influences of Ottoman culinary traditions.

At the heart of Bosnia’s social gatherings, you’ll find dishes that speak to a sense of place and time, encompassing the variety and complexity of the nation’s geography and history. The intricacies of this cuisine are not just found in the combination of flavors but also in the manner they are enjoyed—communally, with a spirit of hospitality that’s deeply ingrained in Bosnian culture.

“Bosnian food is the soulful connection between the past and present, bringing together families and friends over recipes passed down through generations to create a truly convivial atmosphere.”

Below, find an illustrative table showcasing popular Bosnian fare that is an essential part of the country’s culinary narrative. From comforting breads to seasoned meats, each dish has a story, flavor, and tradition uniquely its own.

CourseDishIngredientsRole in Bosnian Food Culture
AppetizerBosnian PitaFlaky pastry, cheese, spinach, or meat fillingSignifies the start of a shared meal
Main CourseĆevapiGrilled minced meat, onions, somun breadEpitome of Bosnian communal dining
Side DishAjvarRed peppers, eggplant, garlic, oilAccompanies meats, loved for its smoky flavor
DessertRahat LokumSugar, cornstarch, flavoring (rosewater or nuts)Traditionally served with coffee or tea
BeverageBosnian CoffeeFinely ground coffee, water, sugar (optional)A sociocultural ritual symbolizing hospitality

To fully appreciate the Bosnian food culture, one must not only taste but also understand the origins, contexts, and meanings behind each dish. It is an edible diary of the nation’s saga—a Balkan cuisine adventure best enjoyed with others, over conversation, laughter, and shared stories of heritage.

Savor the Flavors: Bosnian Soups and Stews

Embark on a savory journey through the heartwarming world of traditional Bosnian dishes, where each spoonful tells a story of cultural heritage and meticulous culinary craft. Among these comforting dishes, Bosnian soups and stews stand out, offering a rich tapestry of flavors that transport you to the cobblestoned streets and cozy kitchens of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

The Comforting Bosanski Lonac

Comforting Bosanski Lonac is a testament to the region’s ability to blend a variety of fresh, local produce with succulent cuts of meat, simmered to perfection over a gentle fire. This national dish is a luscious representation of how authentic Bosnian recipes have been preserved through generations, differing subtly from one region to another, yet always providing a nourishing embrace.

Light and Flavorful Buranija

In stark contrast to the hearty Lonac, Buranija finds its charm in lighter, yet equally mouthwatering, layers of flavor. A delicate stew that features tender veal, potatoes, and carrots, it exudes an aroma enriched with paprika and the subtle hint of bay leaves—a dish where simplicity and elegance converge in a single, flavorful medley.

Vegetable Abundance in Đuveč

Matching the vibrancy of its ingredients with its taste, Đuveč is a colorful feast not just for the palate but for the eyes as well. Often compared to ratatouille, this authentic staple is a medley of vegetables and spices, at times coupled with rice, each serving a reminder of how traditional Bosnian dishes celebrate the vegetable harvest in the most scrumptious ways.

Hearty Prebranac

When the cold winds blow through the valleys of Bosnia, nothing quite matches the comfort brought by a dish of Prebranac. This casserole layers white beans with caramelized onions, creating a dish so comforting, it’s almost like a warm culinary hug on a brisk day. It’s a lavish tribute to the enduring warmth of Bosnian soups and stews even during the harshest winters.

DishKey IngredientsFlavor ProfileRegion Variations
Bosanski LonacVegetables, Various meatsHearty and RichVaries by region
BuranijaVeal, Potatoes, CarrotsLight and SavoryCentral and Northern Bosnia
ĐuvečMixed Vegetables, Spices, (Optional) RiceVibrant and FlavorfulCommon throughout Bosnia
PrebranacWhite Beans, Caramelized OnionsWarm and ComfortingWidely loved during winter

Bosnian Cuisine Journey: Breads and Pastries

The gastronomic voyage through Bosnian cuisine leads us into the homeland of traditional Bosnian dishes, especially those that fill the streets with the aroma of freshly baked Bosnian breads and pastries. This essential part of Bosnian cuisine journey reflects a history deeply intertwined with the art of baking.

Lepinja, a soft and airy flatbread often paired with succulent ćevapi, is a beloved staple. Not limited to just meat accompaniments, Lepinja is versatile, rendering it an essential component of the Bosnian diet. Meanwhile, Proha, with its dense and sustaining qualities, speaks to the country’s agricultural roots, sustaining workers through long days.

The crown jewel of Bosnian culinary craft, however, is arguably Burek. Its flaky exterior and hearty filling capture the essence of Bosnia’s fusion of flavors, while the meticulous process of layering the dough bespeaks a culture that values the artisanal over the industrial approach to food.

The following table provides a closer look at these iconic breads and pastries:

PastryMain IngredientsOriginOccasion/Serving
LepinjaFlour, water, yeastBalkansTypically served with ćevapi
ProhaCornmeal, water, saltRural BosniaEaten as a hearty snack or with meals
BurekFlaky pastry dough, meat/cheese/spinachOttoman influenceServed as a main dish

To actually see and almost taste the delights that Bosnian breads offer, feast your eyes on the image below, encapsulating the simplicity yet richness of Bosnian baking.

Whether you are walking through a marketplace in Sarajevo or enjoying the hospitality of a local home, the experience of these breads and pastries is ultimately a flavorful insight into Bosnia’s heart and soul. They are not just food items; they are narrative threads in the story of a country that prides itself on a culture that can be savored in each bite.

Meat Dishes: The Heart of Bosnian Cuisine

Meat dishes are not just a vital component of the Bosnian culinary experience but form the very heart of its gastronomic identity. Revered for their richness and variety, these succulent specialties bring to the table the authentic taste of the Balkans. Embracing centuries-old traditions, Bosnian meat dishes possess an unmatched ability to capture the essence of the country’s culinary heritage through an array of flavorsome preparations.

Versatility of Dolma in Bosnian Cuisine

The Versatility of Dolma illustrates the remarkable adaptability of Bosnian chefs in creating taste sensations by fusing locally sourced ingredients with Ottoman-inspired recipes. Fresh vegetables function as vessels, enrobed with seasoned meat, that deliver a rich, palate-pleasing experience with each bite.

The Versatility of Dolma

  • Seasoned Meat Blend
  • Vegetable Variety
  • Cultural Fusion

Sarma: Wrapped Delights

Sarma elevates the simple act of dining to an art form by meticulously wrapping meat in cabbage or vine leaves. This creates a flavor-packed parcel that reveals the depth of Bosnian culinary craftsmanship. Such wrapped delights demonstrate the tradition’s dedication to presenting meat dishes in innovative and inviting ways.

IngredientsPreparation StyleFlavor Profile
Minced MeatLeaf-wrappingRobust & Aromatic
Rice & SpicesSlow-cookedSavory with a Tang
Cabbage/Vine LeavesHand-rolledTender Texture

Klepe: Bosnian Dumplings signify home cooking at its finest. These pouches of joy, brimming with either meat or cheese, showcase how the culinary traditions of Bosnia offer an embrace through carefully crafted comfort food. Klepe is not just nourishment; it’s a testament to the warmth of the Bosnian hearth.

Klepe: Bosnian Dumplings

  1. Meat or Cheese Filling
  2. Handmade Dough
  3. Served with Yogurt or Garlic Sauce

Through these dishes, the heart of Bosnian cuisine beats steadily, sharing with each savory morsel a story of history, culture, and familial ties. The versatility of Dolma, the delightful wraps of Sarma, and the comforting pockets of Klepe all conjoin to make up a rich tapestry of a living and breathing Bosnian culinary experience.

Balkan Culinary Adventure: Delicious Bosnian Desserts

Embark on a gastronomic expedition that will tantalize your taste buds and sweeten your senses. As our Balkan culinary adventure reaches its climax, we’re diving into the delectable world of traditional Bosnian desserts. These treats are not just food items; they are a testament to Bosnia’s rich cultural tapestry and the art of dessert making perfected over generations. As we explore these sugary delights, be prepared for a ‘Sweetness Overload with Baklava’ and an array of other mouthwatering confections that truly represent the ‘Taste of Bosnia’.

Sweetness Overload with Baklava

Baklava, a treasure of the Balkans, is a luxurious dessert made from layers of filo pastry, richly filled with ground nuts, and held together with sweet, sticky syrup. This dessert is a centerpiece of Bosnian hospitality and is often served during important celebrations and holiday feasts. Its history is as deep as its flavor, with each bite encapsulating the essence of a traditional Balkan culinary adventure.

Tufahija: A Delightful Apple Dessert

A jewel in the crown of Delicious Bosnian Desserts is Tufahija, a splendid dessert for those who prefer a gentler sweetness. Picture a tender, boiled apple, its core filled with a creamy mixture of walnuts and cream, all soaked in a light syrup. This dessert is as alluring to the eye as it is delightful to the palate, offering a symphony of textures and sublime taste.

Hurmasice: The Fragrant Semolina Cookie

Lastly, let’s not forget the humble yet heavenly Hurmasice. These small, enchanting semolina cookies soaked in a citrus-infused syrup are fragrant with the aroma of rosewater. Each bite-sized piece is soft and satisfying, an embodiment of the delicate and perfumed side of Bosnian culinary tradition, offering a whisper of sweetness rather than a shout.

Together, these desserts create a trio of treats that are perfect for ending any meal on a high note. From the hedonistic indulgence of baklava to the more demure charms of Tufahija and Hurmasice, these desserts stand as a proud representation of Bosnia’s culinary artistry and serve as a sublime finale to any Taste of Bosnia experience.

Bosnian Culinary Traditions in Beverages

Within the rich tapestry of Bosnian culinary traditions, a unique segment that deserves special mention is their captivating beverage culture. From the robust flavours of traditional fruit brandies to soothing, aromatic drinks, Bosnia and Herzegovina’s beverages reflect a history steeped in hospitality and communal living. Among these, few are as emblematic of the Bosnian spirit as the famed Bosnian coffee experience. More than a mere caffeine fix, it is a cultural ceremony, deeply entwined with social bonding and the region’s history.

Authentic Bosnian recipes

A quintessential Bosnian host often welcomes guests with rakija, a potent fruit brandy with an intense flavour profile, showcasing the rich fruits of the land. This spirit is not just consumed for enjoyment but also represents a gesture of hospitality and friendship. Another beloved hot beverage is salep, the soothing, milky drink perfect for cold nights, infused with the fragrant spice of orchid tubers, expressing the warmth of Bosnian hospitality.

The Bosnian coffee, served from a traditional copper pot called a džezva, invites you to slow down and savor each sip amidst conversations, symbolizing a lifestyle that values relationships and the finer moments in life.

These beverages, whether shared amongst friends or enjoying a solitary moment of reflection, contribute to the sensory mosaic of authentic Bosnian recipes and beverages that stretch far beyond the palate, into the realm of cultural expression and heritage.

Authentic Bosnian Recipes in Modern Cuisine

The fusion of time-honored Bosnian culinary techniques with the pulsating rhythm of modern cuisine has given rise to an innovative dining scene that honors its roots while embracing contemporary sensibilities. These traditional flavors are now being presented with a fresh perspective, engaging both the seasoned gourmand and the adventurous foodie.

Incorporating Traditional Flavors in Contemporary Dishes

Authentic Bosnian recipes have seamlessly transitioned from the comforting hearths of Bosnian kitchens to the high-paced avenues of modern gastronomy. Chefs and home cooks alike are taking age-old dishes such as ćevapi, burek, and begova čorba, and redefining them within the realms of modern cuisine. This innovative approach has not only enriched the global food landscape but has also offered a new way for connoisseurs to savor and cherish the authentic Bosnian culinary experience.

Bosnian Cuisine’s Adaptability in the Global Gastronomic Scene

Whether it is through the integration of local ingredients into international dishes or the fusion of Bosnian spices and cooking methods into foreign recipes, Bosnia’s gastronomy is making a significant impact worldwide. The versatility and adaptability of its food culture speak volumes about the region’s deep-rooted culinary identity, introducing flavors that have long been savored locally to a global audience with an insatiable appetite for multicultural dining experiences.

Explore Bosnian Gastronomy in Local Konobas

If you want to explore Bosnian gastronomy, the authentic way to do so is through the welcoming doors of local Konobas. These traditional Bosnian taverns offer more than just a chance to taste traditional Bosnian dishes; they provide a cultural experience steeped in the warmth of Bosnian hospitality. The magic of these eateries lies in their home-cooked meals, meticulously prepared with locally sourced ingredients that echo centuries-old culinary traditions.

When you step inside a Konoba, you’ll find the walls often adorned with cultural artifacts and the air filled with the aroma of slow-cooked stews and freshly baked bread. Each Konoba has its own story and specialities, inviting you to immerse yourself in the nation’s culinary narrative, one dish at a time.

There is no better way to understand a country than by eating the food the locals eat. Konobas encapsulate the essence of Bosnia in every bite.

Below is a highlight of what you might expect to find on your gastronomic adventure:

  • Bosanski Lonac, a traditional stew that has simmered over time, imbued with a hearty assortment of vegetables and meat.
  • Cevapi, small grilled meat sausages served with flatbread, a favorite among locals, and a must-try for any visitor.
  • Burek, a savory pastry made with flaky dough and filled with meat, cheese, or spinach, offering layers of flavor in every slice.

These Konobas are not just places to eat; they are cornerstones of the community where people come together, celebrate life, and enjoy the simple pleasure of a meal cooked with care. Visitors are always greeted with open arms and treated like family, a testament to the Bosnian spirit of generosity.

Traditional Bosnian dishes

As you leave these humble abodes of gastronomy, you’ll carry with you not just the satisfaction of a delicious meal, but also the intangible essence of Bosnia’s rich cultural identity. The culinary adventure doesn’t end at the table—it starts there, deep in the heart of local konobas, where every dish has a story, and every flavor takes you closer to the soul of Bosnia.

Taste of Bosnia: The Role of Seasons and Festivities

Immersing oneself in the Taste of Bosnia is to experience a vivid reflection of the country’s heart and soul. Every dish is woven with threads of history and seasoned with the spirit of the land—it’s not just food, it’s a narrative steeped in Seasonal Ingredients and amplified during times of celebration. As the seasons transition, from the rejuvenating freshness of spring to the comforting depths of winter, the delightful versatility of Bosnian cuisine comes to life, embracing the use of fresh, locally-sourced ingredients to create a symphony of flavors that resonate with each changing season.

Seasonal Ingredients in Bosnian Dishes

When exploring the Seasonal Ingredients that define Bosnian cuisine, one sees a landscape of edible treasures mirrored on the dining table. Spring offers a bounty of wild herbs and greens, such as sorrel and nettles, which find their way into restorative broths and pies. Summer’s lush vegetation offers juicy tomatoes and crisp cucumbers, perfect for a refreshing šopska salad. In the autumn, forest mushrooms and plump fruits lend their earthy notes to rich stews, while root vegetables and pickled harvests warm the soul come winter.

Festive Foods: Celebrating Bosnian Traditions

The calendar of Bosnian festivities is punctuated with Festive Foods, each dish a flavorful ambassador of tradition. Major holidays and family celebrations call for the ceremonial baking of pita, not just a dish, but a ritual of kneading, stretching, and layering that underscores the importance of community and heritage in Bosnian culture. The end-of-fasting during Ramadan sees tables laden with sweet baklava and savory dolma, Celebrating Bosnian Traditions with both reverence and joy.

SeasonIngredientFestive DishCultural Significance
SpringWild herbsKopriva Pita (Nettle Pie)Revival and purification
SummerFresh vegetablesŠopska SalataGathering and abundance
AutumnForest mushroomsGulaš (Mushroom Stew)Harvest celebrations
WinterPickled vegetablesSarmaPreservation and sustenance

In conclusion, the Taste of Bosnia is not only an encounter with flavors but a profound engagement with the country’s ethos. It’s a genuine celebration, where every ingredient tells a story and every meal is a testament to the vibrant culinary traditions that have been celebrated for generations.

The Rich Culinary Heritage and Culinary Experience

Embarking on a culinary journey through Bosnia and Herzegovina is to walk through the pages of history, where every dish narrates a tale of conquest, trade, and cultural fusion. The nation’s rich culinary heritage is a delicious testament to the historical influence of various civilizations that have shaped the flavors of this Balkan heartland over centuries.

Historical Influence on Culinary Journeys

The Historical Influence on Bosnian Cuisine

From the robust fortifications of medieval knight’s feasts to the delicate spices introduced during the Ottoman empire, Bosnia’s gastronomic landscape is a mosaic of influences. Each era has imprinted its essence, marrying native traditions with new culinary concepts to create a repertoire that resonates with both history and innovation.

Experience Bosnia through its Culinary Journeys

In Bosnia and Herzegovina, to indulge in a culinary experience is to partake in an age-old ritual of community and celebration. The bustling markets, the aroma of simmering pots in the kitchens, and the warm hospitality provide a foray into the soul of this fascinating region. Visitors are not merely tasting food; they are woven into the rich tapestry of Bosnian life that each dish represents.

Time PeriodCulinary InfluenceSignature Dishes
MedievalSimple, Hearty FarePotatoes, Cabbage, and Meat Stews
OttomanSpices and SweetsBaklava, Burek, Ćevapi
Modern-DayInternational FusionContemporary Takes on Classic Dishes

As we honor the past and its culinary journeys, we also warmly embrace the innovation that takes Bosnia’s gastronomy beyond its borders into the international culinary scene. It is a savory sojourn that promises to delight, educate, and inspire.

Planting the Seeds of Culinary Exploration

Embarking on a Balkan cuisine adventure is tantamount to opening a treasure chest of sensorial delight. One’s culinary exploration transcends the act of merely tasting food; it becomes an intimate sojourn into the heart of Bosnia’s rich cultural tapestry. Each dish narrates a story, whether it’s the robust heartiness of a traditional stew or the delicate sweetness of a syrup-soaked dessert. For the gastronomy enthusiast, eager to deepen their palate’s horizon, Bosnian cuisine offers an educational odyssey through a landscape punctuated by centuries of history and tradition.

The cuisine of Bosnia and Herzegovina is a testament to the country’s resilience and diversity. To truly grasp its essence, one must indulge in both the simplicity of its peasant roots and the complexity of its imperial influences. The resulting combination is a formidable banquet of flavors, each bite an imprint of the country’s journey through time.

Consider the table below as a guide to planting your own seeds of culinary exploration, illustrating just a sample of the diverse ingredients and dishes that comprise a Balkan cuisine adventure:

Mainstay IngredientsSignature DishesTaste Profiles
Beef, Lamb, PoultryBosanski Lonac (Stew)Hearty, Robust
Vegetables (Peppers, Tomatoes)Đuveč (Vegetable medley)Fresh, Zesty
Cheese, SpinachBurek (Filled pastry)Savory, Flaky
Fruits (Plums, Apples)Tufahija (Stuffed apples)Sweet, Nutty

Whether you’re savoring the warmth of a lovingly prepared stew or discovering the nuanced flavors of nut-filled pastries, each culinary masterpiece reflects generations of craftsmanship and love for the art of cooking. How well we understand and appreciate such an endeavor may be likened to how deeply we allow ourselves to engage in this wonderfully gratifying Balkan cuisine adventure.


Embarking on Culinary Journeys Around the World, one cannot overlook the enchanting array of Bosnian culinary traditions. To explore the cuisine of Bosnia and Herzegovina is to discover a delectable narrative rich in history and diversity, where robust meat dishes coalesce with the lightness of baked pastries, and the heartfelt warmth of stews and soups is matched by the sweet indulgence of desserts. In every spoonful and bite, the country’s past merges with the present, offering an unparalleled gustatory experience.

The foods here are not just nourishment; they are a cultural dialogue, interwoven with centuries-old legacies and the perpetual ingenuity of its people. As we have navigated through the savory stews, aromatic bread, indulgent sweets, and spirited beverages, we’ve been captivated by a cuisine that defies mere sustenance. Bosnian dishes, from the homespun to the celebratory, resonate with the soulful touch of tradition and the zest for life that characterizes this nation.

So here stands an open invitation to global gourmands and curious travelers alike: to savor a culinary domain where taste and tradition are seamlessly entwined. With each carefully crafted meal, Bosnia and Herzegovina confirms its place on the map as a destination for those ready to partake in a feast that transcends time. A visit—or a virtual encounter—with this varied gastronomic landscape is assuredly a rich, rewarding venture, and a pivotal chapter in any epicure’s pursuit of Culinary Journeys Around the World.


What are some must-try traditional Bosnian dishes?

When exploring Bosnian gastronomy, be sure not to miss dishes like Bosanski Lonac, Burek, Ćevapi, and Baklava. Each offers a unique taste of Bosnia’s cultural blend.

How does Bosnian cuisine reflect its historical influences?

Bosnian cuisine is a melange of Eastern and Western influences with a significant impact from Ottoman culinary traditions resulting in a rich variety of spices, stuffed vegetables like Dolma and Sarma, and sweets like Baklava.

Can you recommend any authentic Bosnian recipes for beginners?

For those starting with Bosnian cooking, recipes like Pita (Bosnian pie), Klepe (Bosnian dumplings), and simple stews like Buranija are great for experiencing authentic Bosnian flavors.

Where in Bosnia can one enjoy the most authentic culinary experiences?

To enjoy authentic Bosnian food, visit local konobas or taverns, where traditional recipes are prepared with seasonal, locally-sourced ingredients.

What role do bread and pastries play in Bosnian food culture?

Breads and pastries are central to Bosnian cuisine, featuring in almost every meal. Iconic items include Lepinja, served with meats like Ćevapi, and Burek, a savory pastry filled with meat, cheese, or spinach.

What are some traditional Bosnian beverages to try?

Traditional Bosnian beverages that one must try include Bosnian coffee, served from a džezva, rakija, a robust fruit brandy, and salep, a comforting hot drink usually consumed in colder weather.

How does Bosnian cuisine incorporate seasonal and festive foods?

Bosnian cuisine makes use of seasonal produce to ensure freshness and quality in dishes. Festive foods play a significant role during celebrations, symbolizing tradition and cultural heritage.

What is the significance of meat in Bosnian cuisine?

Meat plays a pivotal role in the heart of Bosnian cuisine, with a wide range of dishes featuring beef, lamb, and poultry prepared in various traditional methods including grilling, stewing, and stuffing.

Are there any modern takes on traditional Bosnian recipes?

Yes, many contemporary Bosnian chefs and home cooks alike are reinterpreting traditional dishes with a modern twist, finding a balance between classic flavors and contemporary presentations.

How does exploring Bosnian gastronomy contribute to understanding Bosnian culture and history?

Food is a powerful cultural expression. Exploring Bosnian gastronomy provides insight into the nation’s history, its people’s way of life, and the various cultural influences that have shaped Bosnia and Herzegovina.

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